Places in the US that have successfully lowered the voting age to 16

Hyattsville, Maryland – local elections only1https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/md-politics/hyattsville-becomes-second-city-in-the-us-to-lower-voting-age-to-16/2015/01/07/24a7c8be-95c7-11e4-aabd-d0b93ff613d5_story.html
Takoma Park, Maryland – local elections only2https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/takoma-park-grants-16-year-olds-right-to-vote/2013/05/14/b27c52c4-bccd-11e2-89c9-3be8095fe767_story.html

US States that allow 17-year-olds3Seventeen-year-olds are only allowed to vote if they that will be 18 by the general election to vote in Primaries or Caucuses4Primaries are state elections and voter eligibility is determined by state legislation; caucus eligibility is determined by party policy in each state. Some caucuses may allow participation to party members that are not eligible to vote. Verify with your state’s political party for rules on participation. For more detail on the caucus system in general: http://www.cfr.org/united-states/caucus-system-us-presidential-nominating-process/p15640. For a list of what system each state has: (Democrats) http://www.thegreenpapers.com/P16/D-DSVE.phtml (Republicans) http://www.thegreenpapers.com/P16/R-DSVE.phtml

Alaska – Caucuses only5http://www.alaskademocrats.org/party-platform/
Connecticut6http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-connecticut
Delaware7http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-delaware
District of Columbia8http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-district-columbia
Illinois9http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-illinois
Indiana10http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-indiana
Iowa – Caucuses only11https://www.iowafarmbureau.com/News/2016-Farmers-Caucus/Learn-how-to-caucus 12http://www.linncounty.org/785/Caucus-Information
Kansas – Democratic caucus only13http://www.thegreenpapers.com/P16/KS-D
Kentucky14http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-kentucky
Maine15http://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/voter-info/voterguide.html
Maryland16http://www.elections.state.md.us/voting/primary.html
Minnesota – Caucuses only17http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-minnesota
Mississippi18http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-mississippi
Nebraska19http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-nebraska
North Carolina20http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-north-carolina
North Dakota – Caucuses only21http://www.p2012.org/chrnothp/ndcaucusrules.html 22http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/a-guide-to-the-north-dakota-caucus/article_d263b750-64b6-11e1-bfc4-0019bb2963f4.html
Ohio23http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-ohio
Vermont24http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-vermont
Virginia25http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-virginia
Washington – Caucuses only26http://www.wa-democrats.org/sites/wadems/files/documents/2016%20Caucus%20and%20Convention%20Press%20Guide%20-%20150915.pdf
West Virginia27http://www.brennancenter.org/analysis/student-voting-guide-west-virginia

Other Countries that have a voting age under 1828Information taken from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2123.html unless otherwise noted.

Age 16

Argentina
Austria
Bosnia and Herzegovina – if employed
Brazil
Croatia – if employed
Cuba
Dominican Republic – if married
Ecuador
Estonia – local elections only, effective 201729http://news.err.ee/v/politics/7e42b8f5-e54d-4657-83b1-96b5a90a40dc
Germany – seven out of sixteen states have lowered the voting age to 16 for local elections only30http://www.cje.org/descargas/cje4965.pdf
Guernsey
Hungary – if married
Indonesia – if married
Isle of Man
Jersey
Malta – local elections only
Nicaragua
Scotland – in non-federal elections only31http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-33173488
Serbia – if employed
Slovenia – if employed
Switzerland – in the state of Glarus for regional elections only32http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/glarus-decides-to-grant-vote-from-16/245124

Age 17

Indonesia
Israel – local elections only33http://www.timesofisrael.com/how-to-vote-in-tuesdays-elections-and-why/
North Korea
Sudan
Seychelles

Movements to Lower the Voting Age in the United States

Alaska

2003 – Youth Civic Rights Movement proposes a ballot measure for a voting age of sixteen for Anchorage. Proposal failed by a single vote in the Anchorage Assembly, but an advisory vote to lower the voting age was placed on the ballot.34https://web.archive.org/web/20030406021007/http://www.adn.com/alaska/story/2614210p-2660010c.html This was defeated by the voters.35https://www.muni.org/Departments/Assembly/Clerk/Elections/Election%20Results/2003.04.01%20Election%20Results.PDF

Arizona

2008 – State Representative Ed Ableser (D-Tempe) introduced a constitutional amendment that would lower the voting age in the state to 16.36http://www.wmicentral.com/business/business_news/democratic-lawmaker-calls-for-lowering-arizona-voting-age-to/article_769e227e-189c-563a-925b-18f4d3f89db6.html Proposal stalled waiting first reading.37http://www.azleg.gov//FormatDocument.asp?inDoc=/legtext/49Leg/1r/bills/hcr2010o.asp&Session_ID=87

2015 – A similar bill introduced by a group of nine State Representatives.38http://ktar.com/story/96649/state-resolution-could-change-arizona-voting-age-to-16/ It is currently in the House Rules Committee.39https://legiscan.com/AZ/bill/HCR2018/2015

California

1995 – Assemblywoman Jackie Speier (D-South San Francisco) proposed a voting age of fourteen.40http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Rep-Speier-Wants-14-Year-Olds-to-Vote-3043606.php Proposal did not pass a committee.41ftp://www.leginfo.ca.gov/pub/03-04/bill/sen/sb_0001-0050/sca_19_cfa_20040504_101052_sen_comm.html

2004 – State Senator John Vasconcellos (D-Santa Clara) proposed one-quarter vote for fourteen year-olds and one-half vote for sixteen year-olds.42http://www.sfgate.com/politics/article/Teenage-voting-rights-proposed-Ballot-would-2783145.php The bill was amended after being approved by two committees to instead allow people 16 years of age and older a full vote in state elections. It was later abandoned due to lack of support.43http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/pub/03-04/bill/sen/sb_1601-1650/sb_1606_bill_20041130_history.html 44http://www.ci.berkeley.ca.us/citycouncil/2005citycouncil/packet/052405/2005-05-24%20Item%2025.pdf

2005 – NYRA-Berkeley and Berkeley City Council Member Kriss Worthington submitted a proposal that would have allowed voters to decide if 16 and 17-year-olds should be eligible to vote in local elections. The proposal failed by 4-5.45http://archive.dailycal.org/article.php?id=18758 A similar proposal also failed in San Francisco that year.46http://www.berkeleydailyplanet.com/issue/2005-07-15/article/21843?headline=Berkeley-Teens-Seek-Ballot-Measure-to-Win-Right-to-Vote-By-MATTHEW-ARTZ&status=301

2015 – San Francisco Supervisor John Avalos proposed a ballot initiative for 16-year-olds to vote in local elections. Proposal is tabled until 2016 when it must be voted on by the Board of Supervisors before appearing on the ballot.47http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Plan-to-allow-16-year-olds-to-vote-won-t-be-on-6314581.php

2015 – Fairfax Town Council voted unanimously to establish a subcommittee to coordinate community discussion and on lowering the voting age to 16 for local ballot measures.48http://www.marinij.com/article/ZZ/20150206/NEWS/150206338 The Council will also conduct a feasibility study with the goal of placing a measure on the November 2017 ballot.49http://www.town-of-fairfax.org/pdfs/council/council_packet/2015/020415/Item%2016%20-%20Voting%20Age.pdf

2015 – The Richmond Youth Council joined the 16 in ’16 campaign begun by the San Francisco Youth Council to advocate for a lower voting age in local elections.50http://richmondconfidential.org/2015/11/20/richmond-youth-council-aims-to-lower-voting-age/

Connecticut

2011 – A group called The New 18 campaigned to lower the voting age to 16 in the city of New Haven. The New Haven Board of Aldermen’s Youth Services Committee voted in favor of asking the full Board of Aldermen to send a non-binding referendum to local voters to ask the state to lower the voting age to 16.51http://thenew18.tumblr.com/ The proposal failed to get sufficient votes by the full Board.52http://www.newhavenindependent.org/index.php/archives/entry/voting_for_16-year-olds_voted_down/

District of Columbia

2000 – NYRA-DC held a Lower the Vote rally on election day, November 7, in Franklin Park calling attention to the disenfranchisement of young people.53http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/chatterbox/2000/11/should_the_voting_age_be_lowered.html

2010 – On election day, November 2, during the oral argument in the Brown v. EMA video game censorship case, NYRA members rallied in front of the Supreme Court to stand up for youth free speech and a lower voting age.

2015 – Three DC Councilmembers introduced a bill to lower the voting age to 16 in all elections.54http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/blogs/citydesk/2015/11/03/councilmembers-to-introduce-bill-to-lower-voting-age-to-16/ The bill is currently referred to the Judiciary Committee.55http://lims.dccouncil.us/Legislation/B21-0468

Florida

2003 – High school student Miranda Rosenberg sought to get a proposal to lower the voting age to 16 on the state ballot. Rosenberg was not able to obtain the 489,000 signatures required.56http://www.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=5628

2008 – Jeffrey Nadel and NYRA-Southeast Florida began a campaign to lower the voting age to 16 in Florida elections.57http://youthrights.org/action/chapters/success-stories/#4 58http://extracredit.blog.palmbeachpost.com/2008/08/18/boca-teens-fights-to-lower-voting-age/ The chapter held rallies on election day, met with state legislators and filmed (and aired) a commercial making their case for a lower voting age.59https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7XtMb6ig38

Hawaii

2015 – Nine State Representatives sponsored a bill to lower the voting age to 16 for state and local elections.60http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/session2015/bills/HB1304_.pdf The bill is currently referred to the Judiciary and Financial Committees.61http://openstates.org/hi/bills/2015%20Regular%20Session/HB1304/

Illinois

2008 – State Representative Lou Lang (D-Skokie) introduced a state Constitutional Amendment to lower the state voting age to 17.62http://www.news-gazette.com/news/local/2008-02-29/house-committee-votes-lower-voting-age.html The bill passed committee, but was tabled and then stalled.63https://trackbill.com/bill/IL/95/HJRCA29/suffrage-voting-age-17

Iowa

2004 – Student Anne Craig campaigned to lower the voting age to 14. Three different bills were introduced in the legislature to lower the voting age during that year and the previous, but none of them were successful.64http://www.iowastatedaily.com/news/article_c4a097e2-60fc-5d01-8d59-0906eb8c0997.html

Maine

2003 – State Representative Glenn Cummings (D-Portland) proposed a bill to lower the voting age to 17.65http://archive.bangordailynews.com/2003/03/26/committee-favors-extending-voting-rights-to-17-year-olds/ The bill was amended to only allow 17-year-olds to vote in primary election if 18 by general election, which passed.66http://lldc.mainelegislature.org/Open/Meta/LegHist/121/lh121-LD-0640.pdf

Maryland

2003 – Baltimore Mayor Sheila Dixon campaigned to lower the municipal voting age to 16.67http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2003/aug/26/20030826-104300-8335r/?page=all

2003 – NYRA’s Washington D.C. Chapter sought to put a referendum to lower the Voting Age in Takoma Park to 16 on the ballot.68http://www.gazette.net/gazette_archive/2003/200327/takoma/news/165806-1.html Proposal failed to get enough signatures.

2013 – Takoma Park councilman, Tim Male, introduced a measure to lower the municipal voting age to 16. On May 13, 2013 the measure passed the city council on a vote of 5-1 before a packed auditorium of local youth, NYRA members and other supporters. The first 16-year-old in US history to cast a legal vote in a general election occurred on November 5, 2013.

2014 – Inspired by the success in nearby Takoma Park, Hyattsville city councilmember Patrick Paschall introduced a bill to lower the voting age in city elections. After a brief campaign by NYRA members and other supporters the bill passed on January 12, 2015 with a vote of 7 to 4.69https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/md-politics/hyattsville-becomes-second-city-in-the-us-to-lower-voting-age-to-16/2015/01/07/24a7c8be-95c7-11e4-aabd-d0b93ff613d5_story.html 16- and 17-year-olds voted in the city election on May 5, 2015.

2015 – After two Montgomery County Councilmembers expressed support for lowering the voting age,70http://www.mymcmedia.org/two-montco-councilmembers-support-lowering-voting-age/ a Maryland state bill was proposed that would allow the county to lower its voting age for school board elections.

Massachusetts

1999-2000 – A group of activists, which later involve students at Cambridge’s Rindge and Latin School calling themselves Campaign for a Democratic Future, began campaigning to lower the voting age to 16 for local elections in the city of Cambridge.71http://www.thecrimson.com/article/2000/11/28/give-students-the-vote-pover-the/ 72http://tech.mit.edu/V122/N15/15vote.15n.html

2001 – Campaign for a Democratic Future proposed that Cambridge City Council members approve a petition to the state legislature asking for permission to lower the voting age for city council and school committee elections to 16. It was later amended to reduce the voting age to 17 and failed 6-3. It was introduced again in 2002 and passed 8-1.73http://www.thecrimson.com/article/2002/4/1/city-council-votes-to-lower-voting/ 74https://web.archive.org/web/20020405120308/http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/085/metro/Cambridge_gives_17_year_olds_the_vote+.shtml The bill was sent to study by the state legislature and failed to meet the filing deadline.75http://tech.mit.edu/V122/N48/48vote.48n.html

2005 – A similar proposal was submitted by the Cambridge Kids Council’s youth involvement subcommittee and passed again. It evolved into a bill sponsored by State Representative Alice Wolf (D-Cambridge), but stalled in a committee with no hearing.76http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2006/11/12/youths_campaign_to_have_a_say/?page=full

2007 – Students at Harwich High School began a campaign to get a 16-year-old voting age on the ballot in Massachusetts. Despite receiving help from a variety of other schools and colleges, proposal failed to get the 66,593 required signatures by December 5th deadline.77http://www.capecodtimes.com/article/20070807/News/708070333

2010 – Young people from the United Teen Equality Center in Lowell campaigned to lower the voting age to 17 for local elections. Lowell City Councillors voted 8-1 in favor of sending a Home Rule Petition to the state legislature to allow Lowell to lower its voting age for municipal elections.78http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2012/06/28/petition_to_lower_lowells_voting_age_passes_key_test_rally_planned_today/ A bill sponsored by State Representative Kevin J. Murphy (D-Lowell) cleared several hurdles,79http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2011/09/18/teens_seek_to_lower_voting_age_in_lowell_to_17_for_local_elections/ 80https://www.utec-lowell.org/uploads/uploads/vote17factsheet.pdf and finally stalled before a third reading.81https://malegislature.gov/Bills/187/House/H1111

2015 – A group of young people in North Andover petitioned to lower the voting age to 16 in local elections. Town meeting residents voted against the measure.82http://www.patriotledger.com/article/20150520/NEWS/150529552

Michigan

2000 – NYRA-Ottawa County held a Lower the Vote rally on election day, November 7, in Holland, MI to raise awareness about lowering the voting age.

2008 – State Senator Michael Switalski (D-Roseville) introduced legislation to allow 16-year old students to vote in local school board elections.83https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LDcagCx0Upk The bill stalled in the Committee on Campaign and Election Oversight.84http://www.legislature.mi.gov/%28S%280a5r3ko0lyiuqv1rfvytquug%29%29/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectname=2009-SJR-B&query=on

Minnesota

1989-2015 – State Representative Phyllis Kahn (DFL-Minneapolis) proposes a voting age of twelve.85http://www.mndaily.com/2000/02/08/representative-supports-lowering-voting-age-16 The proposal did not pass committee. Kahn co-authored several other proposals to lower the voting age to 16 in 1991,86http://www.mndaily.com/2000/02/08/representative-supports-lowering-voting-age-16 1999,87https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/bill.php?b=House&f=HF1250&ssn=0&y=1999 2001,88https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/bill.php?b=House&f=HF1713&ssn=0&y=2001 2004 (to age 17),89https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/bill.php?b=House&f=HF2068&ssn=0&y=2004 2007,90https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/bill.php?b=House&f=HF0630&ssn=0&y=2007 2007 (for school elections only),91https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/bill.php?b=House&f=HF0428&ssn=0&y=2007 2009,92https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/bill.php?b=House&f=HF0656&ssn=0&y=2009 2012,93https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/bill.php?b=House&f=HF1951&ssn=0&y=2012 and two more in 2015 for state and local elections94https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/bill.php?b=House&f=HF2087&ssn=0&y=2015 and for school elections only.95https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/bill.php?b=House&f=HF2088&ssn=0&y=2015 None of these bills made it out of committee.

2004 – State Senator Steve Kelley (DFL-Hopkins) proposed a bill lowering the voting age to 17.96http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2004/04/08/loc_votingage09.html The proposal passed its first committee, but was re-referred and stalled.97https://www.revisor.mn.gov/bills/bill.php?b=House&f=HF2068&ssn=0&y=2004

2006 – 17-year-old NYRA member Jesse L. Hunter attempted to vote, as a protest, but was mistakenly given a ballot and allowed to vote.98http://youthrights.org/2006/10/25/nyra-member-charged-with-felony-for-voting/ The first known time someone under 18 was allowed to vote in the US in a general election. He was later charged with felony voter fraud before having the charges dropped in response to NYRA objections.

Missouri

2014 – State Representative Karla May (D-St.Louis) filed a joint resolution to amend the state constitution to reduce the voting age to 16 for state and local elections.99http://www.komu.com/news/joint-resolution-proposes-a-lower-voting-age-in-missouri/ The bill is currently referred to the House Elections Committee.100https://legiscan.com/MO/bill/HJR16/2015

New Jersey

2015 – NYRA-Hudson County began a campaign to lower the voting age to 16 in Jersey City, NJ.101http://www.nj.com/hudson/index.ssf/2016/01/jersey_city_boy_wants_to_lower_voting_age_for_loca.html

New Mexico

2015 – State Representative Javier Martinez (D-Albuquerque) introduced a bill lowering the voting age to 16.102http://www.santafenewmexican.com/news/legislature/house-democrat-aims-to-lower-voting-age-for-school-elections/article_7cce5718-4dda-5cca-8d87-3ba1d408f374.html The bill was postponed indefinitely.103http://openstates.org/nm/bills/2015/HB249/

New York

2005 – Future Voters of America and Councilwoman Gale Brewer (D-Manhattan), introduce a bill to in the New York City Council to lower the city voting age to 16.104http://www.jacksonfreepress.com/news/2005/jun/06/nyc-to-lower-voting-age-to-16/ The bill failed to move forward.105http://youthrights.org/news/nyra-freedom/volume-11/issue-5/

Pennsylvania

2003 – State Senator Jack Warner (D-Allegheny) sponsored a resolution urging Congress to lower the voting age in Pennsylvania to 17.106http://www.sopghreporter.com/story/2003/10/07/news/resolution-urges-congress-to-lower-voting-age-in-pennsylvania-to-17/2779.html The bill stalled in State Government Committee.107http://www.palegis.us/bills/?q=2003/0/N/SR0170

Texas

2001-2003 – State Representative Ron Wilson (D-Houston) proposed lowering the state’s voting age to 14 in state and local elections.108http://www.chron.com/news/houston-texas/article/Lawmaker-supports-lowering-voting-age-to-14-1998753.php The bill was later amended to lower the voting age to 16 and then finally stalled in the Elections Committee.109http://www.legis.state.tx.us/BillLookup/History.aspx?LegSess=77R&Bill=HB672 Wilson introduced a similar bill lowering the state’s voting age to 16. The bill stalled again in the Elections Committee.110http://www.legis.state.tx.us/BillLookup/History.aspx?LegSess=78R&Bill=HB482

Vermont

2015 – Brattleboro resident and activist Kurt Daims proposed to lower the voting age to 16 for local elections. Brattleboro voters rejected the proposal at their annual town meeting.111http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/03/04/us-usa-vermont-election-idUSKBN0LZ1NQ20150304

Washington

2005 – NYRA-Olympia members and three State Representatives proposed a bill to amend the constitution to lower the voting age to 16 for all elections.112http://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/a-few-teens-push-to-lower-voting-age/ The bill stalled in the State Government Operations & Accountability Committee.113http://apps.leg.wa.gov/billinfo/summary.aspx?bill=2305&year=2005

2011 – NYRA-Seattle members persuaded Washington State Senator Scott White (D-Seattle) to introduce legislation to lower the voting age to 17 for school board elections in the state.114http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/07/idUS172776+07-Feb-2011+BW20110207 The bill stalled in the Early Learning & K-12 Senate Committee.115http://app.leg.wa.gov/billinfo/summary.aspx?bill=5621&year=2011

Wisconsin

2009 – A resolution to lower the voting age to 17 was introduced by five State Representatives. The bill stalled in committee.116http://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/2009/proposals/ajr39

Movements to Lower the Voting Age in Other Countries

Australia

2012 – The Australian Youth Affairs Coalition issues a report in support of lowering the voting age to 16.117http://www.ayac.org.au/news/146/81/The-case-for-lowering-the-voting-age-to-16.html

2015 – Australia’s Federal Opposition Leader Bill Shorten argues for the lowering of the voting age to 16.118http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-10-31/shorten-calls-for-voting-age-to-be-lowered-to-16/6901464

Canada

2005 – Liberal Party Member of Parliament Mark Holland introduced a bill to lower the voting age to 16 for federal elections. The bill is being co-sponsored by members of the three other major political parties. The bill was defeated June 8, 2005.119https://web.archive.org/web/20080420195501/http://www.vote16.ca/en/news/20050609update.htm

2014 – The Federation of Young Francophones in New Brunswick launched a campaign in support of a bill introduced by Green Party Leader David Coon to lower the voting age to 16 in the province.120http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/youth-group-pushes-to-lower-voting-age-to-16-1.3027662

2015 – The Alberta Urban Municipalities Association voted on a resolution to lower the voting age to 16 in the province of Alberta. The proposal failed.121http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2015/09/23/voting-age-alberta-auma_n_8185020.html

2016 – Canadian Member of Parliament Don Davies introduces a bill to lower the voting age to 16.122http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2016/01/29/don-davies-ndp-voting-age-16-canada_n_9111242.html

Germany

2003 – Several German politicians proposed the concept of a “family vote,” which would theoretically eliminate the voting age altogether. Parents would hold and cast the vote their child’s vote until the child turned twelve, after which the child could demand the vote back.123http://www.dw.com/en/germany-ponders-family-vote/a-962669

2011 – Campaigns to lower the voting age to 16 in local elections meet with success.124http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/teen-trend-setters-a-state-in-germany-lowers-voting-age-to-sixteen-a-763402.html

New Zealand

2007 – Green Party MP, Sue Bradford, introduced a bill to lower the voting age to 16.125https://home.greens.org.nz/press-releases/bradford-launches-bill-lower-voting-age-16

Norway

2008 – Several communities in Norway applied to the government to allow 16-year-olds to vote in local elections.126https://web.archive.org/web/20081106220159/http://www.aftenposten.no/english/local/article2281239.ece

2011 – Several municipalities were selected to take part in a trial to lower the voting age to 16. Voters in the 16-18 age range had an “especially high turnout”.127http://www.abo.fi/fakultet/media/33801/degard_bergh_saglie_abo2015.pdf

2015 – Norway repeated the trial.128http://www.tnp.no/norway/politics/5007-norway-is-trying-again-voting-for-16-year-olds

South Africa

1994 – Nelson Mandela proposed a voting age of 14 in recognition of youth action in the fight against Apartheid.129http://fortune.com/2013/12/06/nelson-mandela-and-the-evolution-of-great-leaders/

Switzerland

2008 – A parliamentarian from Bern advocate supported a motion to lower the voting age to 16 for local elections.130http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/political-maturity–not-a-question-of-age-/5991516

United Kingdom

2002-2015 – During this time period, at least eight different bills or amendments were debated in Parliament on the subject of lowering the vote.131https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CCUQFjABahUKEwj4l_-Qj4nJAhUUVmMKHc4cAT4&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.parliament.uk%2Fbriefing-papers%2Fsn01747.pdf&usg=AFQjCNGNpiGMFUU8oQWRqMTYPla3N3joew&sig2=TDsu-DvnRyMDW7FxNACShQ Several organizations, including Votes at 16, the Electoral Reform Society, and the National Union of Students campaigned for lowering the voting age to 16. The movement has the support of the Labour Party132http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/jan/23/labour-voting-age-16-mayoral-elections and the Liberal Democrats.133http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-21178379 A bill to allow 16 and 17-year-olds to vote on a European Union referendum had cross-party support in the House of Lords, 134http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/nov/10/eu-referendum-lower-voting-age but later failed in the House of Commons.135http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/house-of-commons-votes-against-lowering-voting-age-for-eu-referendum-a6764966.html

Venezuela

2007 – Voters defeated a referendum that included over 30 proposed changes to Venezuela’s constitution. One of those changes was to lower the voting age from 18 to 16.136https://www.studentnewsdaily.com/daily-news-article/blow_for_chavez_as_voters_reject_constitutional_changes/

Last updated January 31, 2016.

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